June 23 - 30, 2014

                                                 © 2014 Callyn Yorke

                                  Map of Western Flores, Rinca and Komodo Island


Weather: Mostly fair with some intermittent light rain June 23-24. Air Temperature: 70 to 85F; Ocean Surface Temperature 78F. Low Tide 0630-0730 hrs.

Time: 0600- 1900 hrs.

Areas Covered:  1) Labuanbajo, western Flores (LB): I resided at the Luwansa Resort, located on the coast about 1.5 mi. south of Labuanbajo. Using the resort as a base, I surveyed a total of about 50 acres of adjacent beach, hillside secondary forest, mangrove (two sections, west and east -- the latter about 0.25 mi east of the resort was extensive, well-preserved mangrove with an estuary, exposed tidal flats, sandy beach and sandbars), pasture, second-growth, vacant lots and village.  Each morning I walked slowly, stopping frequently, using a 10 x 40 binocular and DSLR camera (June 24; 27-30, 2014: 0600-0900 hrs.). I visited the nearby Cermin Cave (CC:24 June: 1600-1800 hrs.) which was managed by a local conservancy charging foreigners $3 for entry, including a guide. I surveyed the bamboo and second-growth at the base of a cliff with many crevices and some small caves. Birdlife at CC was scarce; mosquitoes were abundant. A relatively high diversity of birdlife was found in the mosaic of coastal habitats surrounding the Luwansa resort (see bird list below).

2) Labuanbajo to Rinca and Komodo Islands by boat on the Flores Sea (FS). Our boat from Labuanbajo was slow (top speed about 5 knots), allowing for a fairly thorough survey of adjacent coastal waters along the coastline southwest of Labuanbajo for about ten miles, to our first stop, Loh Buaya on Rinca Island (25 June: 0830-1100 hrs.). Much of the coastline had a narrow fringe of mangrove; adjacent rocky hills dropped steeply into the sea and were covered with dry grassland and scattered shrubs and trees. We continued by boat across the Flores Sea to the neighbording island of Komodo (25 June: 1500-1600 hrs.), anchoring in a bay adjacent to the main village of Komodo. Following our survey of Komodo Island, we returned to Labuanbajo (June 26: 1100- 1500 hrs.). Whirlpools, strong currents and choppy seas were common along this particular route.

3) Rinca Island Park Headquarters, Loh Buaya (RI): The Loh Buaya docking area was surrounded by a fringe mangrove grading to dry grassland-savanna. The area around the park headquarters, only a short walk from the boat landing, had scattered trees and shrubs on limestone and volcanic soils. Since the main focus on Rinca was observing and photographing the Komodo Dragon, I spent relatively little time searching for birds, which generally seemed scarce (25 June: 1100-1430  hrs.).

4) Komodo Island Park Headquarters (KI). A new jetty served as our docking but did not include ramps or ladders for easy access. The park headquarters was adjacent to the jetty,and featured several well-maintained buildings, information signs, a souvenir stand, a few other tourists and several park rangers. As on Rinca Island, we were required to have a ranger-guide, who carried a long, forked stick for protection. We selected the longest of three trail loops, leading from the headquarters area into surounding hills and back (Rudolph Memorial Trail); this route would involve about three hours of strenuous hiking. The area immediately around the park headquarters far more birdlife than the surrounding hills, which probably wasn't worth the extra effort to hike up there (see my travel journal notes). Unlike the park headquarters of Rinca Island, this area on KI had a well-developed semi-deciduous forest and understory, offering abundant cover for birds and other wildlife (26 June: 0700-1100 hrs.). In contrast with a lively group of dragons on Rinca Island, only one adult Komodo Dragon was observed here duing our visit.


BIRDS NOTED (Taxonomy follows Clements, 2004; regional endemics are capitalized).


Sunda Teal (Anas gibberifrons)  7 m,f    a cohesive flock flew to pond in cutover mangrove-pastureland, LB (photo).

Sunda Teal (Anas gibberifrons) 27 June 2014  Labuanbajo, Flores 

                                                                                                                                                   © 2014 Callyn Yorke




Orange-footed Scrubfowl (Megapodius reinwardt)  1   vocal; running through dense scrub, KI.

GREEN JUNGLEFOWL l (Gallus varius) 1   foraging in open area around Timor Deer, KI (photo).

Green Junglefowl (Gallus varius)   Komodo Island   26 June 2014

                                                                                                                                  © 2014 Callyn Yorke


Brown Quail (Coturnix ypsilophora )  2   flushed from tangle of vines on beach, LB.



Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea)  1 flying over open field, LB.

Pacific Reef Egret (Egretta sacra)  3  a pair staying close on shore, LB (photo).

Pacific Reef Egret (Egretta sacra) Labuanbajo Flores  27 June 2014

                                                                                 © 2014 Callyn Yorke


Javan Pond Heron (Ardeola speciosa) 12  wet pasture surrounded by scrubby second growth, LB.

Striated Heron (Butorides striatus) 1  flying low over shore, LB.

Little Black Cormorant (Phalacrocorax sulcirostris) 5  resting on sandbar, LB (photo).

Little Black Cormorant (Phalacrocorax sulcirostris) Labuanbajo Flores 28 June 2014

                                                                              © 2014 Callyn Yorke



SPOTTED KESTREL (Falco moluccensis)  1 fem.   vocal; chased by a Large-billed Crow; returning to nearby perches in tall trees, LB (photo).

Spotted Kestrel (Falco moluccensis) Labuanbajo, Flores 28 June 2014

                            © 2014 Callyn Yorke




Black Kite (Milvus migrans)  2 flying over pastures, LB.

Brahminy Kite (Heliastur indus)  1 flying over shore, LB; 1 flying back and forth over bay off Komodo Island - swooping down and taking a piece of fish from the surface, KI (photo).


Brahminy Kite (Heliastur indus) Komodo Island Bay   25 June 2014

                                                                                                © 2014 Callyn Yorke


White-bellied Sea Eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster)  1   snatching an unidentified small item from the surface, near shore, LB (photo).

White-bellied Sea Eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster) Labuanbajo Flores  28 June 2014

                                                                                        © 2014 Callyn Yorke



White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus)  1 foraging on shore in mangrove, LB.



Greater Sand Plover (Charadrius leschenaulti)  1 (27 June only) on outer sandbar with a Whimbrel, LB (photo).

Whimbrel  (Numenius phaeopus)  1 (27 & 28 June) on sandbar with GRSP; moved to inner shore, LB (photo).

a) Whimbrel left; Greater Sand Plover right, LB 27 Jun, 2014                    b) Whimbrel, Labuanbajo Flores  28 June 2014


                                                                          © 2014 Callyn Yorke



Black-naped Tern (Sterna sumatrana)  3  on rocky islets near shore, FS.

Greater Crested Tern (Sterna bergii)   10  foraging on surface schools of anchovy-like fish, FS.




Spotted Dove (Streptopelia chinensis)  ubiquitous in towns and villages.

BARRED DOVE (Geopelia mauqe)  20 feeding together on seeds provided by rangers, KI (photo).

Barred Dove (Geopelia mauqe) Komodo Island  26 June 2014

                                                                                                  © 2014 Callyn Yorke


Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica)  1 LB.

Green Imperial Pigeon (Ducula aenea)  2 in canopy of tall tree above the shore on a steep, forested hillside, LB.

DARK-BACKED IMPERIAL PIGEON (Ducula lacernulata 1  in fruiting tree next to a pasture, LB (photo).


Dark-backed Imperial Pigeon (Ducula lacernulata)  Labuanbajo Flores  24 June 2014

                                                                                       © 2014 Callyn Yorke





Common Koel (Eudynamys scolopacea) 2 m,f  secretive; flushed by villagers in dense scrub, LB.

Common Koel (Eudynamys scolopacea) female  Labuanbajo Flores  29 June 2014

                                                                                                            © 2014 Callyn Yorke




Glossy Swiftlet (Collocalia esculenta)  8 flying low over pastureland and mangrove, LB.

Edible-nest Swiftlet (Aerodromus fuciphagus )  ubiquitous; flying high above hillsides and open areas, LB.



Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis)  1  flying over shore in mangrove, LB.

Collared Kingfisher (Todiramphus chloris)  4  vocal and conspicuous, LB.

Sacred Kingfisher (Todiramphus sanctus)  2  perched in tall trees at edge of pasture and mangrove, LB.

Rainbow Bee-eater (Merops ornatus)  2   edge of village and pastures, LB.

Blue-tailed Bee-eater (Merops phillippinus)  1 flying over open scrub, LB.



YELLOW-CRESTED COCKATOO (Cacatua sulphurea)  4  vocal, conspicuous in canopy, KI (photo).

Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea) Komodo Island   26 June 2014


                                                                                                                       © 2014 Callyn Yorke




INDONESIAN (BROWN) HONEYEATER ? (Lichmera sp. )  1  dense scrub and second-growth next to mangrove, LB (photo).

Indonesian (Brown) Honeyeater (Lichmera sp.) Labuanbajo Flores   28 June 2014

                                                                                 © 2014 Callyn Yorke


Black-naped Oriole (Oriolus chinensis) 2 in tall trees near the park headquarters, KI.

Black-naped Oriole (Oriolus chinensis) Komodo Island  26 June 2014

                                                                        © 2014 Callyn Yorke


Helmeted Friarbird (Philemon buceroides)  1 foraging in subcanopy, KI (photo).

Helmeted Friarbird (Philemon buceroides) Komodo Island  26 June 2014

                                                                                             © 2014 Callyn Yorke


WALLACEAN DRONGO (Dicrurus densus)  1 second-growth, edge of pastures,LB;  shady woodland RI; 1 forest; gathering nest material KI (photo).

Wallacean Drongo (Dicrurus densus) Komodo Island  26 June 2014

                                                            © 2014 Callyn Yorke


Black-naped Monarch (Hypothymis azurea)  2 bamboo thickets around Cermin Cave, LB; KI (photo).

Black-naped Monarch (Hypothymis azurea) Komodo Island  26 June 2014

                                                                                          © 2014 Callyn Yorke


Asian Paradise Flycatcher (Tersiphone cinnamomea)  1  bamboo thickets and second-growth, Cermin Cave, LB.

Large-billed Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos)  4 vocal, LB; 8 gregarious,RI; KI (photo).

Large-billed Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos) Komodo Island  26 June 2014

                                                                                        © 2014 Callyn Yorke


Common Golden Whistler (Pachycephala pectoralis)  2 vocal, active in mangrove, LB; KI.

Pacific Swallow (Hirundo tahitica)  2 flying over beach and pasture, LB.

Zitting Cisticola (Cisticola juncidis ) 2    shrubby second-growth and tall grass, LB.

YELLOW-SPECTACLED WHITE-EYE (Zosterops wallacea 15  ubiquitous in gardens and second-growth, LB; KI.

Yellow-spectacled White-eye (Zosterops wallacea) Labuanbajo Flores  24 June 2014

                                                                                        © 2014 Callyn Yorke


Pied Chat (Saxicola caprata)  2  vocal; active in gardens and open scrub, LB.

Thick-billed Flowerpecker (Dicaeum agile) 10 ubiquitous; active at all levels in a variety of vegetation types, LB.

Thick-billed Flowerpecker  (Dicaeum agile) Labuanbajo Flores  24 June 2014

                                                                                     © 2014 Callyn Yorke


Olive-backed Sunbird (Cinnyris jugularis) 10 m,f; vocal, active in gardens and second-growth, LB; KI.

Olive-backed Sunbird (Cinnyris jugularis) Labuanbajo Flores 27 June 2014


                                                              © 2014 Callyn Yorke


FLAME-BREASTED SUNBIRD (Cinnyris solaris)  6  active in second-growth, LB; KI.

Flame-breasted Sunbird (Cinnyris solaris) Labuanbajo Flores  27 June 2014

                                                                   © 2014 Callyn Yorke


Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) ubiquitous in villages, LB.

Scaly-breasted Munia (Lonchura punctulata )  4  grassy areas, LB.

Zebra Finch (Taeniopygia guttata)  30  grassy areas and gardens, LB (photo).

Zebra Finch (Taeniopygia guttata) Labuanbajo Flores  24 June 2014


                                                   © 2014 Callyn Yorke